In future, increased use of heat pumps and electric cars in the building and transport sectors could create new requirements for network expansion and operation, especially in the low-voltage networks. The increased use of heat pumps and electric cars has an impact on the quantity of electricity demanded and on the temporal structure of electricity demand. Against this backdrop, the question arises as to which flexibility potentials could be used cost-effectively in households in the future.
In the context of this study, the flexibility potential of different household types is analysed. The focus here is on the costs of flexibility in time windows that are potentially critical for low-voltage grids. The study is based on the ewi ER&S model for the analysis of consumer behaviour (COMODO) and analyses the flexibility potentials for the year 2030.