Ministry for Economic Affairs, Innovation, Digitalisation and Energy of North Rhine-Westphalia
Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
Gas-und Wärme-Institut Essen e.V.
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Fluidverfahrenstechnik
Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie gGmbH
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH
November 2018 until March 2022
The future energy supply system must be designed to be more flexible. Because due to the energy transition and the expansion of renewable energies, the temporal and local supply of electricity will not always match demand in the medium term. So what can optimal energy storage and flexibility options look like in an integrated electricity, gas and heat system?
The project Competence Center “Virtual Institute – Power to Gas and Heat” is a follow-up project of the “Virtual Institute – Electricity to Gas and Heat”. The Competence Center is divided into two subprojects: The techno-, socio-economic and ecological system analysis and the experimental research infrastructure. They comprise both the construction of demonstration plants and the handling of systemic questions:
In the work package “System modeling to identify innovative and sustainable applications”, the EWI and its partners are looking at individual flexibilization options in the areas of power-to-gas, power-to-heat, power-to-fuel (PtX), and demand-side management by industry and sector. Here, the institute further develops the techno-economic mapping of the various technology options in the cross-sectoral model landscape.
This will provide the basis for a detailed system analysis of the flexibility options through which the competitive situation in the market can be examined. In this context, investment strategies in the industry, private households, trade, commerce and services, and the competitiveness of individual innovative technologies in the overall system are also considered.
The spatial dimension concerning the choice of location of technologies when considering the expansion of renewable energies and the necessary power grid or gas grid availability will be investigated. This analysis will be performed within various scenarios, taking into account the region-specific advantages of the federal state of NRW. In addition, relevant use cases in NRW will be identified. Furthermore, a roadmap for a sustainable transformation of the industrial sector in NRW will be developed, taking PtX technologies into account.
The EWI investigates the electricity market’s flexibilization options, sector coupling, and alternative fuels. The goal is to provide critical insights for a sustainable, innovative design of the electricity, heat, and transport transition from a superordinate perspective. For this purpose, the EWI energy market model DIMENSION and the EWI gas grid model TIGER will be extended: